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Flora of Sindh
Flora of Sindh

FLORA OF SINDH

Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous native plant life. Plants are grouped into floras based on region, period, special environment, or climate. Sindh has semi arid climate, through its coastal and riverine forests, there are fresh water lakes and mountains and desert but in the irrigated Indus valley there is vegetation.

                  Bushy growth is found in the arid plain and sand dunes. Rise and fall in the quantity of salt in soil changes their characteristics .Salvadoran persica, the leafless caper, tamarisk etc grow if the salt quantity is high. Calotropris procera or khabar are flora of pure sand.

                  Plants grow along the bank of Indus and its back water includes: babul, lai, jhao and giant grasses.

                  Hilly and rocky region plants are mert, dharma khatri and tukhamran etc

                  Wild and cultivated plants found near the villages include: neem, amaltas ,jamun , aam, ber , pipal etc

                  Mangroves plants are: timar, kirari etc

                  Besides all these plants, a large number of herbal and medicinal plants are grown in the province that is used to cure diseases. It includes bhooh, Kandairo, Aloe Vera, Kikar, Sarsoon, Aak, Bhangri, Khokro, Injeer etc.

                   The province is mostly arid with scant vegetation except for the irrigated Indus Valley. The dwarf palm, Acacia Rupestris (kher), and Tecomella undulata (lohirro) trees are typical of the western hill region. In the Indus valley, the Acacia nilotica (babul) (babbur) is the most dominant and occurs in thick forests along the Indus banks. The Azadirachta indica (neem) (nim), Zizyphys vulgaris (bir) (ber), Tamarix orientalis (jujuba lai) and Capparis aphylla (kirir) are among the more common trees.

                   Mango, date palms, and the more recently introduced banana, guava, orange, and chiku are the typical fruit-bearing trees. The coastal strip and the creeks abound in semi-aquatic and aquatic plants, and the inshore Indus delta islands have forests of Avicennia tomentosa(timmer) and Ceriops candolleana (chaunir) trees. Water lilies grow in abundance in the numerous lake and ponds, particularly in the lower Sindh region.

 

 

 

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